Plymouth is a wonderful place to visit, and has much history attached to it; some is of the brave adventurers who set forth in the eighteenth century to discover distant lands in the hope of finding wealth and fortune. Many people had no choice in the matter, they were sent their as part of there sentence for crimes, some as trivial as stealing a petticoat (Barnard Walford) Their sufferings in the far distant lands of Australia and New Zealand were sometimes dreadful, but from this was forged a great nation of strong, talented and hard-working people. Among those who were sent halfway round the world were the Tolpuddle Martyrs, ordinary working men who stood up for their rights to join together against oppression and for justice.
Other people chose to leave their homes in England, and to go on a great adventure…
PLYMOUTH MEN WHO HELPED FOUND MODERN AUSTRALIA
Captain Tobias Furnaux charted the coast of Tasmania, and 1773 became the first English man to land there.
Captain John MacArthur gave Australia prosperity through his introduction of marino sheep in the 1790’s.
Captain William Bligh survived the mutiny aboard the Bounty to become Governor of New South Wales 1806-1809
Colonel George Arthur was Lieutenant Governor of Tasmania 1823-1836
Captain Edmund Lockyer raised the British flag in Western Australia in 1827
Both Furnaux and Bligh accompanied Captain James Cook on the second of his three great voyages of discovery, all of which left from Plymouth 17768, 1772 and 1776
Unveiled by His Excellency Mr Richard Smith, The Australian High Commissioner, 1992
From Plymouth on 13th March 1787 sailed the transport ships ‘Friendship’ and ‘Charlotte’ carrying men and women convicts bound for Australia
On 26th January 1789 with nine other ships from England they landed at Port Jackson which became Sydney New South Wales. There they established the first British colony under the command of Captain Arthur Philip RN the father of modern Australia
From near this spot thousands of Cornish people sailed for South Australia during the nineteenth century
Their contribution to the colony’s development particularly in mining and farming is acknowledged with pride by the Cornish Association of Southern Australia
unveiled 5th September 1986
The Tolpuddle Martyrs
This plaque placed here by members of the various trades unions affiliated to the Plymouth and district trades council commemorates the landing near this spot 18th March 1838 of James Loveless, James Brine, Thomas and John Stanfield (four of the 6 Dorset farm workers after exile in Australia)
Freedom and justice was their cause.
5th May 1958